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Nevill Forbes

The Balkans / A History of Bulgaria—Serbia—Greece—Rumania—Turkey

    Maria Lyukinahas quoted14 days ago
    To sum up: 'The Rumanians are living to-day where fifteen centuries ago their ancestors were living. The possession of the regions on the Lower Danube passed from one nation to another, but none endangered the Rumanian nation as a national entity. "The water passes, the stones remain"; the hordes of the migration period, detached from their native soil, disappeared as mist before the sun. But the Roman element bent their heads while the storm passed over them, clinging to the old places until the advent of happier days, when they were able to stand up and stretch their limbs.'
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    These dreams took shape in the foundation of a secret society—the 'Philikì Hetairía' or 'League of Friends'—which established itself at Odessa in 1814 with the connivence of the Russian police, and opened a campaign of propaganda in anticipation of an opportunity to strike.
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    The survival of the Greek nationality did not depend on any efforts of the Greeks themselves. They were indeed no longer capable of effort, but lay passive under the hand of the Turk, like the paralysed quarry of some beast of prey. Their fate was conditional upon the development of the Ottoman state, and, as the two centuries drew to a close, that state entered upon a phase of transformation and of consequent weakness
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    The marvellous system of Roman Law had proved too subtle and complex for a world in the throes of dissolution. Within a century of its final codification by Justinian's commissioners) it had begun to fall into disuse, and was now replaced by more summary legislation, which was as deeply imbued with Mosaic principles as the literary language with the Hebraisms of the New Testament, and bristled with barbarous applications of the Lex Talionis
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    The Rise and Fall of the Serbian Empire and the Extinction of Serbian Independence, 1168-1496

    From 1168 the power of the Serbs, or rather of the central Serb state of Raska, and the extent of its territory gradually but steadily increased. This was outwardly expressed in the firm establishment on the throne of the national Nemanja dynasty, which can claim the credit of having by its energy, skill, and good fortune fashioned the most imposing and formidable state the Serb race has ever known. This dynasty ruled the country uninterruptedly, but not without many quarrels, feuds, and rivalries amongst its various members, from 1168 until 1371, when it became extinct
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    During the reign of Simeon, second son of Boris, which lasted from 893 to 927, Bulgaria reached a very high level of power and prosperity. Simeon, called the Great, is looked on by Bulgarians as their most capable monarch and his reign as the most brilliant period of their history
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    The reign of Prince Boris (852-88) is remarkable because it witnessed the definitive conversion to Christianity of Bulgaria and her ruler. It is within this period also that fell the activities of the two great 'Slavonic' missionaries and apostles, the brothers Cyril and Methodius, who are looked upon by all Slavs of the orthodox faith as the founders of their civilisation
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    Krum was a far more capable ruler than they had bargained for, and he not only united all the Bulgars north and south of the Danube into one dominion, but also forcibly repressed the whims of the nobles and re-established the autocracy and the hereditary monarchy. Having finished with his enemies in the north, he turned his attention to the Greeks, with no less success. In 809 he captured from them the important city of Sofia (the Roman Sardica, known to the Slavs as Sredets), which is to-day the capital of Bulgaria
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    The numbers of the Bulgars who settled south of the Danube are not known, but what happened to them is notorious. The well-known process, by which the Franks in Gaul were absorbed by the far more numerous indigenous population which they had conquered, was repeated, and the Bulgars became fused with the Slavs. So complete was the fusion, and so preponderating the influence of the subject nationality, that beyond a few personal names no traces of the language of the Bulgars have survived. Modern Bulgarian, except for the Turkish words introduced into it later during the Ottoman rule, is purely Slavonic
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    During the last quarter of the sixth and the first of the seventh century the various branches of the Bulgar nation, stretching from the Volga to the Danube, were consolidated and kept in control by their prince Kubrat, who eventually fought on behalf of the Greeks against the Avars, and was actually baptized in Constantinople
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    An event of far-reaching importance in the following century was the elevation by Constantine the Great of the Greek colony of Byzantium into the imperial city of Constantinople in 325. This century also witnessed the arrival of the Huns in Europe from Asia. They overwhelmed the Ostrogoths, between the Dnieper and the Dniester, in 375, and the Visigoths, settled in Transylvania and the modern Rumania, moved southwards in sympathy with this event
    Maria Lyukinahas quoted2 months ago
    The city of Belgrade was known until the seventh century A.D. by its Celtic name of Singidunum
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    consequence the immigrants from Transylvania did not encounter any resistance, and were even able to impose obedience upon the native population, though coming rather as refugees than as conquerors. These new-comers were mostly nobles (boyards). Their emigration deprived the masses of the Rumanian population of Transylvania of all moral and political support
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    swept away by the invasion of the Tartars, who destroyed all trace of constituted authority in the plains below the Carpathians.
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    rudimentary political formations
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    and killed the animal, he emerged at a point from which the whole panorama of Moldavia was unfolded before his astonished eyes. Deeply moved by the beauty of this fair country, he resolved to found a state there. It is in commemoration of this event that Moldavia bears the head of a wild bison on her banner.]
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    Dragosh, when hunting one day in the mountains, was pursuing a bison through the dense forest. Towards sunset, just when a successful shot from his bow had struck
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    ruler the Voivod Dragosh.
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    driven out by an expedition under Hungarian leadership, with the aid of Rumanians from the province of Maramuresh.
    Atleinemik Cuauhtlihas quoted2 years ago
    Moldavia dates from after the retreat of the Tartars, who had occupied the country for a century (1241-1345).
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