Oscar Lovell Triggs

The Arts & Crafts Movement

    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    After the Guild was forced to cease all activities in 1919, Ashbee’s career came to a turning point. It was then that he was appointed Civic Adviser to the city of Jerusalem. He was in charge of rebuilding the city and protecting the ancient buildings and historical monuments. His extensive knowledge in urbanism and his love for the preservation of ancient buildings were particularly useful for this task. He lived in Jerusalem to carry out this most ambitious project from 1919 to 1923, and he resigned from his post in 1922. Thereafter, he went back to England and retired in Godden Green in Kent
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    With this in mind, Ashbee created in 1888, while still active in Toynbee Hall, the Guild and School of Handicraft in the same neighbourhood. While the school only lasted until 1895, the Guild flourished. The Guild was a workshop combining the principles of the Arts and Crafts as well as the social aspects Ashbee had learned with his social work. Five workmen constituted the small staff that begun the Guild of Handicraft under the supervision of Ashbee. They made furniture and worked with metal. The year following the creation of the workshop, they participated in the second exhibition of the Arts and Crafts Exhibition society as members of the co-operative of craft workers in leather, wood, metal and jewellery. In 1891, the Guild moved to Essex House still in the East End while a retail shop was implanted in the West End so it would be more accessible to the patrons of the Guild.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    For him, the Socialist movement seemed to be the only solution to the problems of Victorian society, particularly the complications emerging from the Industrial Revolution.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    No one desires to be free from work, but to be free and self-directive in his work. The machine in doing the drudgery of the world is undoubtedly an instrument for the furthering of industrial liberty. Voluntary co-operative individualism is the goal toward which the whole industrial world is now tending.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    If the man in his industrial activities is not permitted to exercise his individuality, it is folly to educate the child in freedom. If education be expression, the child’s self-activity cannot stop at the boundary of schoolyards
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    If education is life, then the general life must be so shaped as to be in itself educative.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    The definition of art founded upon the current metaphysics of beauty is a class definition, and is intended to preserve the upper classes in their special privileges of culture and “taste
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    It will thus be seen that Morris’s definition of art is social in its bearing. It implies the modern necessity of building up the ornamental part of life, its pleasures of every nature, on the basis of work undertaken cheerfully, with the consciousness of helping ourselves and our fellows.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    if the work be individualised, it becomes to that degree a work of art, a part of the pleasure of men’s lives, the source of happiness
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    When the consumer finds in the goods he has purchased no real fitness, no response to his needs, no appeal to memory or associations, no real adjustment between the body and its garments, he can experience no genuine pleasure or rational satisfaction – in most cases the shoes actually pinch his feet, and the clothes constrain some part of the body.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    Of necessity the consolidated factory, making uniform wares by wholesale, labours for no one individual, but for an abstract average individual – a person who has of course no real being
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    “By art I understand,” said Morris, “the pleasure of life.”
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Arts and Crafts movement was the industrial phase of the modern evolution of individuality. For several centuries the conditions of life tended to produce a general uniformity of civilisation within the bounds of large social groups. The Arts and Crafts were to change this uniformity
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    The question of art is altogether a question of social reform. Art must grow out of the life, if the life is not so ordered that art will appear as its crown and fulfilment it is idle to foster and upbuild it.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    Those who prate most of art are not the true promoters so much as the thinkers, the social reformers, who are trying to reach a status of true liberty, to destroy slavery of every kind, to humanise industry, and to introduce other motives into production than the commercial and mechanical ones.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    So long as the factory is organised to the end of making profits for some owner and director, an issue of production in art is practically impossible. The wage slavery of the factory forbids art; the machine forbids it; competition forbids it; the methods of designing and executing by division of labour are against it.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    It is just because of the nature of its constitution, and in what it seeks to produce, that the Guild is a protest against modern business methods, against the trade point of view, against the commercial spirit.”
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    In connection with, and dependent on it, is a School of about one hundred working men and boys. Its effort is to apply the Guild System of Mediaeval Italy to modern industrial needs, and to the movement for Technical Education.”
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    The introduction among its members of some of the leading trades-unionist workmen – an indispensable element in the solving of an industrial problem – gave to the Guild that peculiar character which has been the principal reason of its success so far. The marriage between the stolid, uncompromising, co-operative force of trades-unionism, and the spirit that makes for a high standard of excellence in English Art and Handicraft, has so far proved a fortunate one; and a younger generation is already beginning to tell of a life and tradition of its own.
    Людовика Кублицкаяhas quoted3 years ago
    Art” is the “higher production”, differing from “craft”, which is technical production, and from “industry”, which is mechanical production, only in the degree of personal creativeness involved in the process. Thus considered, art is the “crown and fulfilment of noble citizenship”, and the ultimate function of the workshop, Among the aphorisms offered by Mr. Ashbee to guide our thinking on workshop reconstruction appear the following:
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