Books
Saul Silver

Growing Marijuana and DIY Cannabis Extracts Collection

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Hydroponics is even better, providing roots with even more access to oxygen while still maintaining ideal levels of water and nutrients. This enables a speedier uptake of nutrients, and faster and bigger growth of plants and buds. Hydroponic systems also give you a higher level of control over plants than what you would have with soil mixes, because you can constantly adjust exactly what the nutrient solution contains.
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Also, to ensure that your plants are getting all the nutrients it needs, you must use the right fertilizer. You can use vinegar-baking soda CO2 generator, wood ashes, Miracle-Gro, and even urine. To ensure steady plant growth, you also need to test the pH of your soil every now and then and make sure it’s at 7.0. You can use a pH testing kit or pH meter.
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    The temperature of the nutrient solution should be kept between 68-77 degrees Fahrenheit, or within a few degrees of the air temperature. An inexpensive pool thermometer can be used. Digital thermometers that record minimum and maximum temperatures are even better.

    If the nutrient solution is too cold, it can be heated with an aquarium heater, or a heating pad can be used on the reservoir. Hot solution can be cooled by passing it through a cooling radiator, or by placing coils of hose with cold water running through them into the reservoir.

    Heat gain can be prevented by insulating and shading buckets and pipes from hot lights. The PH should be kept between 5.9 and 6.3. Inexpensive pool PH test kits can be used. Meters are more convenient. However, many inexpensive types are inaccurate.

    Accurate digital PH meters are best. The concentration of fertilizer in the nutrient solution is expressed as parts per million of dissolved salts. Parts per million, or PPM, is measure by an EC meter. EC stands for electrical conductivity.

    By testing the electrical conductivity of a liquid, an EC meter can determine the amount of chemical salt that's dissolved in a liquid. The more conductivity, the more dissolved salts, and thus a higher concentration of fertilizer.
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    However, for the very same reason, hydroponic systems are not as forgiving as soil. Mistakes have a greater impact. Because improper nutrients or PH mixtures could harm plants quickly and severely, greater care and attention is needed.
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Care needs to be taken when drying buds. They will feel dry on the outside when they are still very wet on the inside. To correct this uneven drying, buds are cured or sweated. To sweat buds, they are placed in a sealed bag or container for several hours. This will redistribute the wetness at the center of the bud evenly throughout the bud. Bud will go into the bag feeling dry and come out feeling wet again.
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Signs that a plant is ready for harvest are when white hairs turn brownish-red, and when flowers are not getting denser anymore.

    When the majority of the white hairs on a plant have turned to brownish-red, the plant is ready for harvest. Some plants will mature sooner than others. Flowers on the tops of plants will be larger and denser, and may mature sooner than those underneath. Growers often harvest top branches before harvesting those in the bottom.

    Harvesting: signs to look for when ready

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Keeping the air below 75 degrees will also discourage them. Avoid letting pets into the grow room and never enter the grow room wearing clothes that may have come in contact with other plants, especially house plants. Simple homemade or store bought soap and water concoctions can be sprayed on leaves to suppress mite or bug infestations.

    Spray the underside of leaves where mites live. More serious cases may necessitate insecticides. Different products are available for different pests. Predator insects, such as lady bugs, are sometimes used to consume mites. Most growers avoid using insecticides that are not designed for plants bound for human consumption.

    For simple, homemade, light-duty mite insecticide, mix a teaspoon of dish soap into a jug of water and spray on the undersides of leaves. A higher concentration of soap can be used, but may require a follow-up rinse of pure water the next day to remove soap residue. Soap spray should not be used on buds.

    how to: get rid of spider mites

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Spider-mites are a grower's nightmare, and probably the most common pest faced by indoor growers. Most mite infestations are the result of poor ventilation, high temperatures, or unhygienic conditions.

    SPIDERMITES

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Keeping the indoor garden clean and tidy is key in preventing bug infestations and disease. Dead leaves should be removed from plants and taken out of the grow room. Water runoff should be mopped up from the floor and dirt and dust should be wiped up.

    HYGIENE: indoor

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Marijuana grown under H.I.Ds with proper nutrition will grow very fast and require lots of water. As plants grow older, their need for water increases. Most growers will water their plants every two to three days. The rule of thumb for watering plants is to fully saturate the entire grow medium, and water again only after grow medium is dried out substantially.

    Grow medium that does not dry out enough may lock out oxygen. This hampers root performance and slows plant growth. Grow mediums that remain too dry for too long can cause plants to dehydrate. Dehydrated plants are easy to spot: leaf and branches become limp and hang straight down.

    Dehydrated plants will quickly recover if good watering is provided soon enough. However, such stress may hamper a plant's overall growth and should be prevented. If plants show any signs of dehydration, then watering is done far too infrequent. The grower must also make sure that the entire grow medium is watered evenly.

    Often, when growing in pots, the grow medium will harden up and contract causing the top layer to harden and leaving an open gap along the inside wall of the pot. This causes water to drain through the pot without actually penetrating the soil. By cultivating the top layer--filling in the gap alongside the outside of the pot--and pouring water over the grow medium slowly, this problem is solved.

    Most soilless mixes contain a wetting agent. This helps water penetrate the soil evenly so there are no dry pockets. A small drop of dish soap in a small bucket of water will have the same effect. Enough water should be provided so
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    A hot lamp will begin to raise the temperature of the room immediately. But, it is very important to maintain a favorable temperature in the grow room. Keep it between 70-85 degrees Fahrenheit; mid to high seventies is the best.

    At night when the lights go off, it is okay for the temperature to drop 10-15 degrees, but not much more. Extreme temperatures will slow plant growth and may encourage bugs and disease. If your lights are causing too much heat buildup, then you need to increase your ventilation. In hot climates, or during the summer, many growers use air conditioners.

    Lamp temp (before&after lamp time)

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    the constant pressure of the wind causes the trunks and branches of the plant to become strong and sturdy. This will help immensely in late bloom when the branches are carrying the weight of large, dense buds.

    Secondly, a swift breeze helps keep plants free of dust and bugs. Dust can clog up the surface of leaves making it difficult for them to function. Most bugs are a nuisance to Marijuana; some are devastating. Constant air movement makes an unhappy home for bugs.

    wind (strengthen stem)

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    The key to a successful grow room is to emulate nature as closely and favorably as possible. Rain, wind, light, and darkness are all important conditions of nature that must be recreated in the grow room. Temperature and humidity must also be carefully controlled.

    INDOOR TIPS

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    Male flowers produce pollen. When this pollen comes into contact with the female flower, the female flower becomes pollinated and then produces seeds from the DNA of each parent.

    Male plants present a challenge to growers because they are generally unwanted. Only the female plant produces the sought after buds high in THC. Males do not. Furthermore, female buds are far better if they remain unpollinated by the males because they will not develop seeds, only pure, smokable buds. So, male plants are not only of little use other than for breeding, they are actually a threat to the potential of female buds. That is why growers remove male plants from the garden before they have a chance to pollinate the females
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    any more than eighteen hours of light per day is unnecessary and a waste of electricity.
    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    A seedling will need two or three weeks, or maybe longer, to establish enough roots and leaves so that it can begin to grow rapidly. After about a month, when the plant has developed enough roots, the plant will begin rapid growth. This is called the vegetative or vegetation stage.

    During this time, plants consume great deals of nitrogen, gain height, and grow many branches

    early stages of growth

    filuphas quoted9 months ago
    growers alternate between watering, and watering with fertilizer. Water is applied every couple of days or as often as needed. Every second or third watering, a dosage of fertilizer is given. When signs of over fertilization occurs, dosages are too high. Leaf tips often become burned and curled under.

    Severe over fertilization can cause drastic results, but may take a few days to show up. Amateur growers need to be patient and show restraint.

    watering: fertilezer

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