Yevgeny Petrov was the pen name of Yevgeny Petrovich Katayev, a popular Soviet author in the 1920s and 1930s. He often worked in collaboration with Ilya Ilf.
As Ilf and Petrov, Yevgeni Petrov and Ilya Ilf wrote The Twelve Chairs, released in 1928 and its sequel, The Little Golden Calf, released in 1931.
He was the brother of Valentin Katayev.
Following Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, Petrov became a war correspondent. He was killed in a plane crash while returning from besieged Sevastopol. The short film Envelope was dedicated to Yevgeny.