en

Peter Wohlleben

    b0544505716has quoted10 months ago
    Every fall, their roots are trimmed
    b0544505716has quoted10 months ago
    lovingly cared for and watered

    Spoiled,pampered

    b0544505716has quoted10 months ago
    The roots of forest trees don’t actually grow very deep

    Counterintuitively

    Kandi Tolentinohas quoted2 years ago
    “A chain is only as strong as its weakest link
    Raoulhas quoted2 years ago
    Scientists investigating similar situations have discovered that assistance may either be delivered remotely by fungal networks around the root tips—which facilitate nutrient exchange between trees1—or the roots themselves may be interconnected.2 In the case of the stump I had stumbled upon, I couldn’t find out what was going on, because I didn’t want to injure the old stump by digging around it, but one thing was clear: the surrounding beeches were pumping sugar to the stump to keep it alive.
    Raoulhas quoted2 years ago
    It appears that nutrient exchange and helping neighbors in times of need is the rule, and this leads to the conclusion that forests are superorganisms with interconnections much like ant colonies.
    Raoulhas quoted2 years ago
    But why are trees such social beings? Why do they share food with their own species and sometimes even go so far as to nourish their competitors? The reasons are the same as for human communities: there are advantages to working together. A tree is not a forest. On its own, a tree cannot establish a consistent local climate. It is at the mercy of wind and weather. But together, many trees create an ecosystem that moderates extremes of heat and cold, stores a great deal of water, and generates a great deal of humidity.
    Raoulhas quoted2 years ago
    Trees, it turns out, have a completely different way of communicating: they use scent.
    Raoulhas quoted2 years ago
    The reason for this behavior is astonishing. The acacia trees that were being eaten gave off a warning gas (specifically, ethylene) that signaled to neighboring trees of the same species that a crisis was at hand.
    Raoulhas quoted2 years ago
    This ability to produce different compounds is another feature that helps trees fend off attack for a while. When it comes to some species of insects, trees can accurately identify which bad guys they are up against. The saliva of each species is different, and trees can match the saliva to the insect. Indeed, the match can be so precise that trees can release pheromones that summon specific beneficial predators
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