John Heaton

Introducing Wittgenstein

Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Rene Descartes’ proposition, cogito ergo sum — I think therefore I am — is a famous example of supposedly reaching bedrock.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Wittgenstein was fond of J. W. von Goethe’s saying, “In the beginning was the deed.”
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
How do you know that someone loves you or that you love them?
It is not by observing the intensity of the feeling.
Here we need subtle outer criteria, for love is put to the test over time. It is not just a “feeling” we can identify
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Language games and family resemblances are central notions in Wittgenstein’s later thought and make his thought rhizomatic rather than arboreal
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
When we think language is on one side and reality is on the other, and then puzzle as to how they link up, we forget that we dwell in language and are merely imagining that we can point at them.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
The whole idea of “connections” between language and reality is a false one
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Pointing would then be the fundamental form of explanation linking words to the world
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
It is not an inner process which we communicate by means of language.
What I think is no more in my head than the facts that make it true are in the world.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Logic is sometimes said to be the science of thinking and Wittgenstein was particularly interested in it
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
It is finding it that is the mark of thought.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Philosophy is simply the particular individual worries that are called “philosophical problems”
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
He was very fond of “hard-boiled” American detective stories, claiming that there was more philosophy in them than in academic philosophy journals
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
The music of Bach, Beethoven, Schubert and Schumann were amongst his favourites.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
I never use notes – thoughts become stale that way
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
But this “ought” cannot be translated into a statement of fact. For example, I could always find reasons to continue lying. So this “ought” points to an absolute. There can be no science or theory of ethics, it cannot be taught or explained
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Since what can be said is limited to the existence or non-existence of states of affairs, which are without exception contingent, then ethical propositions like logical ones lack sense. They show but cannot say.
And so it is impossible for there to be propositions of ethics. Propositions can express nothing higher (Tractatus 6.42). It is clear that ethics cannot be put into words. Ethics is transcendental (Tractatus 6.421).
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
But happiness is not a state of mind. It is not the same as “feeling good”, nor is it a judgement or reflection. So there are no physical or psychological criteria to distinguish between happiness and unhappiness. It depends on my realizing the limits of the sense of the world, and not on any facts.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
The world is my world, and the way I live determines its structure and may enable me to see it correctly, that is, as a limited whole.
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
We say “I see a cherry tree” but can we see the “I” that sees the cherry tree? I look in a mirror. I can see my eyes but can I see the “I” that sees them
Dmitriy Piskunovhas quoted5 years ago
Tautology and contradiction are not really propositions at all, although they appear to be so. They lack sense because they say nothing. They give no information, but are of great importance as they show the nature of logic
fb2epub
Drag & drop your files (not more than 5 at once)