Nigel Benson

Psychology

    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    In Britain, it’s the second most popular degree course next to Law. In the USA, Psychology is also the second largest Major after Business Administration & Management.
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    A major problem with most penal systems is that they are unscientific. Assumptions are made about what will change behaviour, without proper testing and monitoring. Even when “punishment” doesn’t work
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    “techniques” of philosophy (e.g. logical reasoning, identifying arguments and fallacies)
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Animals Scientific Procedures Act (1986)
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    This can create “The Animal Research Paradox”: if animals are similar enough to compare, then they may be similar enough to suffer as well!
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    The “Animals Act” of 1986 requires Home Office licenses for premises, individuals and each project, with strict regulations.
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Psychology can help people understand that much of their fate is in their own hands and habits.
    popuasikhas quoted5 months ago
    We shall look at the 6 main approaches or perspectives within Psychology:
    PSYCHODYNAMIC; BEHAVIOURISM; COGNITIVE (including Gestalt); HUMANISTIC; BIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL; SOCIAL-CULTURAL
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Psychopathology

    “Pathological” means “diseased”, so literally this is about “mental illness”.
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Neurotic
    – only part of personality affected
    – person is aware
    e.g. phobias, obsessions, anxiety
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Today, therapy is often eclectic, based on a combination of drugs and a mixture of Psychological techniques.
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Psychotic
    – whole personality affected
    – person is not aware
    e.g. schizophrenia
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Individual Survival requires protection (including shelter from the weather and getting food).
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Species Survival requires reproduction (involving finding a suitable mate, courtship and bonding, and protecting others (especially the off-spring).
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    Why do many animals form social groups? In one word: SURVIVAL! This applies to both INDIVIDUAL and SPECIES survival.
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    I’ve got the Phychologist Conditioned – every time I press this button, he brings me a food pellet!
    George Titushas quoted5 months ago
    This demonstrated that “normal people” could be persuaded to commit crimes.
    George Titushas quoted6 months ago
    Conformity (influence of a group) and Obedience (instructions from a person).
    George Titushas quoted6 months ago
    Attitudes

    This is Social Psychology’s cornerstone. There’s much research especially on changing attitudes for social control
    George Titushas quoted6 months ago
    Reciprocal Liking – we tend to like people who we think like us! (Aronson, 1976)
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