Books
Fouad Sabry

Autonomous Vehicles

Elon Musk thought that his company Tesla will have fully autonomous cars ready by the end of 2020. “There are no fundamental challenges left,” he said recently. “There are a number of minor issues. And then there's a struggle to solve all these little problems and bring the whole thing together.”
Although the technology to allow a car to complete a journey without human interference (what the industry calls “level 5 autonomy”) can move quickly, the development of a vehicle that can do so safely and legally is another matter.
The novelty of autonomous technology is intended to turn our legal and social ties into daily transport. Importantly, without a driver behind the wheel, autonomous vehicles raise concerns about the liability and responsibility for the conduct of the lane.

Therefore, this book is structured to answer many questions about autonomous vehicles and make you not only understand all the aspects of this emerging technology, but master the discussions and debates about the following topics:

Chapter One: The rise of autonomous vehicles
Autonomous vehicles become reality
History of Autonomous vehicles
Road Items Weights
Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE International)

Chapter Two: Tesla Autopilot
AutoPilot AI
Advanced Sensor Coverage
Wide, Main and Narrow Forward Cameras
Wide
Main
Narrow
Forward Looking Side Cameras
Rearward Looking Side Cameras
Rear View Camera
Radar
Ultrasonic Sensors
Processing Power Increased 40x
Tesla Vision
Autopilot
Navigate on Autopilot
Autosteer+
Smart Summon
Full Self-Driving Capability
From Home
To your Destination

Chapter Three: A level-by-level explainer of autonomous vehicles
Classification System For The Development Of Innovations
The J3016 Guidelines
Six SAE level
Criticism of SAE classification
Level 0: No automation
Level 1: Driver assistance
Level 2: Partial automation
Level 3: Conditional automation
Level 4: High automation
Level 5: Full automation

Chapter Four: Main Connectivity Specifications Of Autonomous Vehicles
Vehicle-To-Everything
Architectures must be both redundant and real-time.
The demand for high-speed data would increase only
Security and other applications Include external connectivity
Autonomous driving efficiency and reliability are non-negotiable
More and more electrified cars would need a new approach to safety
Next generation Car Design Would Need Miniaturized Solutions
Co-creation of the future of mobility

Chapter Five: Building Passenger Trust Is Key
Technology for self-driving cars is accelerating fast, but our driverless future isn't going anywhere if people don't trust it.
rules of the road
implicit laws are more challenging
The math-based AV safety model
What is Sensitive Protection Responsibility?
RSS is compatible with other AV systems
How are AVs safely sharing the road with human drivers?
01 Safe distance: Don't hit the car in front of you
02 Cutting in: Don't cut it in recklessly
03 Right of Way: Right of way is given, not taken
04 Limited Visibility: Be cautious in areas with limited visibility
05 Avoid Crashes: If you can avoid a crash without causing another one, you must
Moving past the miles-driven
Improving road safety with RSS today
RSS to gain support
Baidu
Valeo
China ITS Alliance
RAND Corp.
The Arizona Institute for Automated Mobility
Joint Research Institutes

Chapter Six: The reasons Autonomous vehicles still aren’t on our roads
The Gap Between the Invention and The Application
Sensors
Machine Learning
The Open Road
Regulations
Social Acceptability

Chapter Seven: Legal frameworks and other national initiatives
The United States
European Union Membership
United Arab Emirates
Japan
Australia

Chapter Eight: Liability, ethics and human rights implications
The novelty of autonomous vehicles
The critical debate
Autonomy Threats

Chapter Nine: Leading opinions on an ethical rollout for autonomous vehicles
The Three Laws of Robotics
The Ethical Dilemmas of Autonomy
The Worst-Case Scenario
The Trolley Issue

Chapter Ten: Social and economic implications
Roads Safety
Vehicles Ownership and Vehicles Insurance
Jobs

Chapter Eleven: Ongoing research and impediments to autonomous vehicle development
Research and Development
The Social Acceptance of Autonomous Vehicles

Chapter Twelve: The Sensor Types Drive Autonomous Vehicles
Multiple Redundant Sensor Systems
Overview of the study
SAE Levels Short DESCRIPTIONS
No car manufacturer has reached level 3 or higher
Which sensors are needed?
Camera and LIDAR Systems
Cameras
Back and 360° cameras
Front-Facing Camera Systems
RADAR
Sensor LiDAR
Summary and insight
62 printed pages
Original publication
2021

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