The word -Green,- as applied to gardening, farming, and agriculture, is, in my estimation, pretty poorly understood. In fact, the implications of a -Green- food supply probably cause, or will cause, some uneasiness even to those of us who like to think in terms of -organic- or -sustainable- food production. Productivity gains during the ‘Green Revolution’ era were largely confined to relatively well endowed areas. Given the wide range of agroecological setting and producers, Indian agriculture is faced with a great diversity of needs, opportunities and prospects. Future growth needs to be more rapid, more widely distributed and better targeted. Responding to these challenges will call for more efficient and sustainable use of increasingly scarce land, water and germplasm resources. Demand for green agricultural products is a stimulant for growth for input market. In other words demand in market for organically produced farm products will encourage farmers to implement the organic farming practices and also to use organic input like bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, varmi-compost, green manure. In this book, an attempt has been made to highlight the recent agro-based development through newer technologies to make agriculture productive and eco-friendly.