Scientific name of Papaya is Carica papaya. It belongs to the family of Caricaceae. Papaya plants are short-lived perennial tropical fruit plants. These plants are dioecious, i.e. both male and female flowers are borne on the same plant. Papaya is also known as tree melon, papaw or pawpaw. Other members of Caricaceae family are Babaco (Carica pentagona), Mountain Papaya (Carica pubescens), and Chamburo (Carica stipulata).