The whole philosophy behind students learning a Modern Foreign Language is based around the following techniques which aim to provide learning and engagement: Word Recognition & Key Vocabulary, Paragraph-Building. Jake Hunton includes Vocab Fun-Learning Activities (VFLAs) – suggested teaching & learning strategies based on how to engage students in learning vocabulary. They are all in-class strategies that directly impact on students' engagement & their recall & recognition of vocabulary in the modern foreign language. A number of these strategies are based around students having access to the vocabulary in the lesson and encouraged to learn (through recognition and recall) any vocabulary that the teacher chooses. A key issue with these strategies is that students struggle or are disengaged from the outset at having to learn lists of vocabulary. Using these strategies students' learning of vocabulary is made active in the lesson by the teacher.