Treasure Island (1883) by Robert Louis Stevenson is an adventure novel, narrating a tale of "buccaneers and buried gold". It was originally published as a serial in the children's magazine Young Folks between 1881 through 1882 under the title Treasure Island, or the mutiny of the Hispaniola, credited to the pseudonym "Captain George North". Treasure Island is traditionally considered a coming-of-age story, and is noted for its atmosphere, characters, action and buccaneers. It is also noted as a wry commentary on the ambiguity of morality unusual for children's literature. It is one of the most frequently dramatized of all novels. Its influence is enormous on popular perceptions of pirates, including such elements as treasure maps marked with an "X", schooners, the Black Spot, tropical islands, and one-legged seamen bearing parrots on their shoulders.