This is an introduction to the overall structure of the human body. It is meant to primarily provide a basic foundation for the advanced study in the fields related to fitness and overall health. In addition to this, the study of human anatomy can also offer a satiating sense of self-understanding. This chapter lays the foundation for the study of anatomy by considering some important aspects –what does this science encompass? What methods are used to study anatomy? How did our understanding of human anatomy develop? What aspects of human anatomy differentiate us from other animals and define us as humans? How did the human body come to be as it is?