The British left and Spain returned to Florida after the American Revolution. A short river called Wakulla offered direct trading routes to the North American interior and the Caribbean. The fertile Muskogean lands west of the United States boundary in what were known as the Spanish borderlands lured white squatters and British and American traders. Their interactions with the Creek Indians and the role of two Creek intermediaries called William and John Kennard with a trading outpost on the Wakulla River fed a rivalry that split the Creeks into two. Who would survive?